The Relationship Between Low Birth Weight and Survival Rate in Premature Babies

Pamarga Priyambodo


Preterm birth is a birth that occurs before 37 weeks of gestation where low birth weight is often found at the same time. This combination of low birth weight and preterm has the potential to cause morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to study the relationship between low birth weight and survival rate in preterm infants. The research method used is retrospective observational with a systematic review approach obtained from 7 research studies in various countries and fulfills the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The variables studied were infant birth weight and survival rate using instruments in the form of studies that have been published on Google Scholar, PubMed, and Science Direct. The article search method uses the characteristics of PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome), then the data in the form of articles that have been collected is managed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) method. From the 7 articles that were reviewed, it was found that the lower limit of the survival rate in the ELBW category studied was 30.8%, 20.5%, 34.8%, 7%, 69.6%, 58.5%, and 59%. Then at the upper limit in the VLBW and LBW categories, numbers such as 91.8%, 95.6%, 84.8%, 92%, 97.9%, 95%, and 98.1% are obtained. There are consistent results, namely an increase in the survival rate with increasing birth weight, which shows a significant relationship between the two.


Preterm, Survival Rate, Low Birth Weight


BKKBN. Survey Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia [Internet]. Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia. Jakarta; 2017. Available from: oran-SDKI-2017-WUS.pdf

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2017 [Internet]. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan RI; 2018. Available from: /profil-kesehatan-indonesia/Profil-Kesehatan-Indonesia-tahun-2017.pdf

WHO. Born Too Soon: The Global Action Report on Pretem Birth. Neuroendocrinol Lett [Internet]. 2012;25(SUPPL. 1):133–6. Available from: toosoon-report.pdf

National Cancer Institute. Survival Rate Definition [Internet]. 2020. Available from: https://www.cancer. gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms/def/survival-rate

Abolfotouh MA, Hussein MA, Abolfotouh SM, Al-Marzoug A, Al-Teriqi S, Al-Suwailem A, et al. Patterns of injuries and predictors of inhospital mortality in trauma patients in saudi arabia. Open Access Emerg Med [Internet]. 2018;10:89–99. Available from:

Varga Z, Sabzwari S rafay ali, Vargova V. Cardiovascular Risk of Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs: An Under-Recognized Public Health Issue. Cureus [Internet]. 2017;9(4):1–12. Available from:

Chung SH, Bae CW. Improvement in the survival rates of very low birth weight infants after the establishment of the Korean neonatal network: Comparison between the 2000s and 2010s. J Korean Med Sci [Internet]. 2017;32(8):1228–34. Available from:

Santhakumaran S, Statnikov Y, Gray D, Battersby C, Ashby D, Modi N. Survival of very preterm infants admitted to neonatal care in England 2008-2014: time trends and regional variation. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed [Internet]. 2018;103(3):F208–15. Available from:

Ahlsén AK, Spong E, Kafumba N, Kamwendo F, Wolff K. Born too small: Who survives in the public hospitals in Lilongwe, Malawi? Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed [Internet]. 2015;100(2):F150–4. Available from:

Shim JW, Jin HS, Bae CW. Changes in survival rate for very-low-birth-weight infants in Korea: Comparison with other countries. J Korean Med Sci [Internet]. 2015;30:S25–34. Available from:

Al-Qurashi FO, Yousef AA, Awary BH. Epidemiological aspects of prematurity in the Eastern region of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J [Internet]. 2016;37(4):414–9. Available from:

Kramer MS. Determinants of low birth weight: Methodological assessment and meta-analysis. Bull World Health Organ [Internet]. 1987;65(5):663–737. Available from:

Vazirinejad R, Masoodpour N, Puyanfar A. Survival rate of low and very low birth weight neonates in an Iranian community. Iran J Public Health [Internet]. 2012;41(2):87–93. Available from:

Haghighi L, Nojomi M, Mohabbatian B, Najmi Z. Survival predictors of preterm neonates: Hospital based study in Iran (2010-2011). Iran J Reprod Med [Internet]. 2013;11(12):957–64. Available from:

Badshah S, Mason L, Mckelvie K, Payne R, Lisboa PJG. Risk Factors for Low Birthweight in the Public-Hospitals at Peshawar, NWFP-Pakistan. 2008;10:1–10. Available from:

Zerbeto AB, Cortelo FM, Filho ÉBC. Association between gestational age and birth weight on the language development of Brazilian children: A systematic review. J Pediatr (Rio J) [Internet]. 2015;91(4):326–32. Available from:

Cutland CL, Lackritz EM, Mallett-Moore T, Bardají A, Chandrasekaran R, Lahariya C, et al. Low birth weight: Case definition & guidelines for data collection, analysis, and presentation of maternal immunization safety data. Vaccine [Internet]. 2017;35(48):6492–500. Available from:


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Pamarga Priyambodo

"HEALTH NOTIONS" ISSN: 2580-4936 (online version only), published by Humanistic Network for Science and Technology    

Cemara street 25, 001/002, Dare, Ds./Kec. Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia, 63453