Work Postural, Individual Characteristic and Musculoskeletal Disorder of Formal Sector Employees at PT Bumi Suksesindo

Luluk Farida


Musculoskeletal Disorders is a group of symptoms that affect the normal functions of the smooth tissue of the musculoskeletal system which accumulates continuously over a relatively long time which can be in a matter of days, months and years, depending on the severity of the trauma. Preliminary studies conducted by researchers at PT. Bumi Suksesindo Banyuwangi revealed that the prevalence using the Nordic Body Map questionnaire on 15 workers found that there were MSDs complaints both at work and at the time they finished working. PT.Bumi Suksesindo is one of the gold mining companies in Banyuwangi which 90% of the administrative staff at PT. Bumi Suksesindo works by using a computer with a sitting position and has individual characteristics in the form of gender, age, BMI, years of service, smoking habits and exercise habits. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between work posture and individual characteristics (gender, age, years of service, smoking habits, and exercise habits) with the incidence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in formal sector employees of PT. Bumi Suksesindo Pesanggaran Banyuwangi. This research was quantitative with analytic observational method with Cross Sectional design. The sample of this study was 45 formal sector employees at PT. Bumi Suksesindo Banyuwangi which were taken by using simple random sampling. Logistics regression was used to analyze the data. Based on the test results, there was a relationship of age (p-value: 0.000), BMI (p-value: 0.023) smoking habits (p-value: 0.003) and exercise habits (p-value: 0.000) on MSDS existence.


work postural, individual characteristic, musculoskeletal disorder


Aprilia M. Overview of Ergenomy Risk Factors Regarding to Complaints of Musculoskeletal Disoeders (MSDs) on Construction Workers of PT.Waskita Karya on Boker Ciracas Recreation and Sports Facilities Project (Tinjauan Faktor Risiko Ergenomi Terkait Keluhan Musculoskeletal Disoeders (MSDs) Pada Pekerja Konstruksi PT.Waskita Karya Di Proyek Fasilitas Rekreasi Dan Olahraga Boker Ciracas). 2009.

Bridger, R.S. Introduction to Ergonomics. 2003. London : Taylor & Francis.

McPartland, JM. Caffeine and Chronic Back Pain. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1997.

Juliana, J. Indoor Air Quality and Sick Building Syndrome in Malaysian Buildings. Environmental and Occupational Health Unit. 2009. Global Journal Of Health Science. 1 (2): 126-135

Wahyu, A. Company Hygiene (Higiene Perusahaan). FKM Unhas, Makassar. 2001.

Pangaribuan, D. M. Work Posture Analysis Using RULA Method in USU Library Service Section Staff in Medan (Analisa Postur Kerja dengan Metode RULA pada Pegawai Bagian Pelayanan Perpustakaan USU Medan). 2009.

Desriani, P. Relationship between Work Attitudes and Characteristics of Individuals with Symptoms of Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs) in Lumpia Skin Printing Section Workers in Kranggan Semarang Central Village (Hubungan Sikap Kerja dan Karakteristik Individu Dengan Gejala Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs) Pada Pekerja Bagian Pencetakan kulit Lumpia Di Kelurahan Kranggan Semarang Tengah). Semarang. 2017.

Hasrianti, Y. Relationship between Work Posture and Musculoskeletal Complaints in Workers at PT. Maruki Internasional Makassar (Hubungan Postur Kerja dengan Keluhan Muskuloskeletal Pada Pekerja Di PT. Maruki Internasional Makassar). 2016. Skripsi. Makassar: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Hasanuddin. 2016.

Hadler, N. M. Occupational Musculoskeletas Disorders. 2005. North Carolina. Lippincot William & Wilkins.

Tarwaka, dkk. Industrial Ergonomics (Ergonomi Industri). Edisi Pertama Cetakan Ketiga. 2013. Surakarta: Harapan Offset.

Tan HC dan Horn, Practical Manual Of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 1998. Mosby Year Book: St Louis.

Andreani, Maria Ulfa Dewi., Work Attitudes Associated With Subjective Complaints On Tailors In Jalan Patua Surabaya (Sikap Kerja Yang Berhubungan Dengan Keluhan Subjektif Pada Penjahit Di Jalan patua Surabaya). 2013. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas AirLangga.

Khazainun. Factors Causing Subjective Complaints on the Back of Nest Weaving Workers (Faktor Penyebab Keluhan Subjektif Pada Punggung Pekerja Tenun Sarang). 2013. Volume 3 No.2. Unnes Journal Of Public Healt.

Tarwaka, dkk. Industrial Ergonomics (Ergonomi Industri). Edisi Pertama Cetakan Ketiga. 2004. Surakarta: Harapan Pers.

Nurhikmah. Factors Associated With Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) in Furniture Workers in Benda District Tangerang city (Faktor-faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) Pada Pekerja Furniture di Kecamatan Benda Kota Tangerang). 2011. Skripsi. Jakarta: Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Kim et al. Risk Factors of Work Related Upper Extermity Musculoskeletal Disorder in Male Cameramen. 2015. Jurnal. Korea: Annalas of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Luluk Farida

"HEALTH NOTIONS" ISSN: 2580-4936 (online version only), published by Humanistic Network for Science and Technology    

Cemara street 25, 001/002, Dare, Ds./Kec. Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia, 63453