Comparison of Sarcopenia Diagnostic Component Between Two Age Groups in Men

Yahya Taqiuddin Robbani, Novira Widajanti, Nuniek Nugraheni Sulistiawaty


Sarcopenia is a condition which characterized by loss of muscle mass, muscle strength and muscle function due to aging. Some study found that sarcopenia prevalence was more common in men than women. This study aims to determine the comparison of sarcopenia diagnostic component between two group ages in men by observing and comparing muscle mass, handgrip strength and usual gait speed according to Asian Working Group on Sarcopenia (AWGS) diagnostic criteria that analyzed by Independent Sample T Test. The number of samples with consecutive sampling technique was 149 mens which divided into two groups based on ages of elderly over 60 years (n = 73) and young adult between 18-40 years (n = 76). From the independent sample t test results, there was significant difference of muscle mass mean, handgrip strength mean and gait speed mean between elderly group and young adult group by 2.467 (SD ± 0.1454) kg/m2 (t(98.350) = -16.969; p = 0.000), 10.455 (SD ± 1.0983) kg (t(147) = -9.519; p = 0.000) and 0.4753 (SD ± 0.2808) m/s (t(11.636) = -16.747; p = 0,000) which means along with increasing age, sarcopenia diagnostic components value, i.e. muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance will also decrease.


Sarcopenia; Bioelectric impedance analysis; Handgrip strength; Gait speed; AWGS


Cruz-Jentoft A, Baeyens J, Bauer J, Boirie Y, Cederholm T, Landi F et al. Sarcopenia: European consensus on definition and diagnosis: Report of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Age and Ageing. 2010;39(4):412-423.

Vitale G, Salvioli S, Franceschi C. Oxidative stress and the ageing endocrine system. Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 2013;9(4):228-240.

Rosenberg I. Sarcopenia: Origins and Clinical Relevance. The Journal of Nutrition. 1997;127(5):990S-991S.

Morley J, Anker S, von Haehling S. Prevalence, incidence, and clinical impact of sarcopenia: facts, numbers, and epidemiology-update 2014. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle. 2014;5(4):253-259.

Landi F, Calvani R, Cesari M, Tosato M, Martone A, Bernabei R et al. Sarcopenia as the Biological Substrate of Physical Frailty. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine. 2015;31(3):367-374.

Han P, Kang L, Guo Q, Wang J, Zhang W, Shen S et al. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Sarcopenia in Suburb-dwelling Older Chinese Using the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia Definition. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. 2015;71(4):529-535.

Limpawattana P, Kotruchin P, Pongchaiyakul C. Sarcopenia in Asia. Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia. 2015;1(2):92-97.

Chen L, Liu L, Woo J, Assantachai P, Auyeung T, Bahyah K et al. Sarcopenia in Asia: Consensus Report of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. 2014;15(2):95-101.

Sugiyono. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitatif, kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta; 2010. p.218

Liu L, Lee W, Liu C, Chen L, Lin M, Peng L et al. Age-related skeletal muscle mass loss and physical performance in Taiwan: Implications to diagnostic strategy of sarcopenia in Asia. Geriatrics & Gerontology International. 2013;13(4):964-971.

Barbat-Artigas S, Pinheiro Carvalho L, Rolland Y, Vellas B, Aubertin-Leheudre M. Muscle Strength and Body Weight Mediate the Relationship Between Physical Activity and Usual Gait Speed. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. 2016;17(11):1031-1036.

Maggio M, Ceda G, Ticinesi A, De Vita F, Gelmini G, Costantino C et al. Instrumental and Non-Instrumental Evaluation of 4-Meter Walking Speed in Older Individuals. PLOS ON10E. 2016;11(4):e0153583.

Gunasekaran V, Banerjee J, Dwivedi S, Upadhyay A, Chatterjee P, Dey A. Normal gait speed, grip strength and thirty seconds chair stand test among older Indians. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2016;67:171-178.

World Health Organization. Men, ageing and health: achieving health across the lifespan [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2001 [cited 11 October 2019]. Available from:

Lemme B. Development in adulthood. 4th ed. Boston: Pearson; 2010.

Yazar T, Olgun Yazar H. Prevalance of sarcopenia according to decade. Clinical Nutrition ESPEN. 2019;29:137-141.

Peterson C, Johannsen D, Ravussin E. Skeletal Muscle Mitochondria and Aging: A Review. Journal of Aging Research. 2012;2012:1-20.

Frontera W, Hughes V, Fielding R, Fiatarone M, Evans W, Roubenoff R. Aging of skeletal muscle: a 12-yr longitudinal study. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2000;88(4):1321-1326.

Kim H, Suzuki T, Kim M, Kojima N, Yoshida Y, Hirano H et al. Incidence and Predictors of Sarcopenia Onset in Community-Dwelling Elderly Japanese Women: 4-Year Follow-Up Study. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. 2015;16(1):85.e1-85.e8.

Bae E, Kim Y. Factors Affecting Sarcopenia in Korean Adults by Age Groups. Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives. 2017;8(3):169-178.

Landi F, Liperoti R, Fusco D, Mastropaolo S, Quattrociocchi D, Proia A et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Sarcopenia Among Nursing Home Older Residents. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. 2011;67A(1):48-55.

La Colla A, Pronsato L, Milanesi L, Vasconsuelo A. 17β-Estradiol and testosterone in sarcopenia: Role of satellite cells. Ageing Research Reviews. 2015;24:166-177.

Feldman H. Age Trends in the Level of Serum Testosterone and Other Hormones in Middle-Aged Men: Longitudinal Results from the Massachusetts Male Aging Study. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2002;87(2):589-598.

Perkisas S, De Cock A, Verhoeven V, Vandewoude M. Physiological and architectural changes in the ageing muscle and their relation to strength and function in sarcopenia. European Geriatric Medicine. 2016;7(3):201-206.

Bahat G, Tufan A, Tufan F, Kilic C, Akpinar T, Kose M et al. Cut-off points to identify sarcopenia according to European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) definition. Clinical Nutrition. 2016;35(6):1557-1563.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Yahya Taqiuddin Robbani, Novira Widajanti, Nuniek Nugraheni Sulistiawaty

"HEALTH NOTIONS" ISSN: 2580-4936 (online version only), published by Humanistic Network for Science and Technology    

Cemara street 25, 001/002, Dare, Ds./Kec. Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia, 63453