Physical Environment and Malaria Incidence in Sowek Health Center

Regina I. C. D. R. Renyaan, Suharyo Hadisaputro, Dwi Sutiningsih


In 2022, the working area of the Sowek Health Center again experienced an increase in malaria cases from 4,33 per1000 population in 2021 to 22,72 cases per1000 population. This increase is inseparable from the role of physical environmental factors and the presence of a chemical environment that supports the breeding of Anopheles, so this study was made to identify physical environmental factors and chemical environmental characteristics associated with the incidence of malaria in the work area of the Sowek Health Center. This study is an observational analytical study with a case-control approach. The sample size was 130 people consisting of 65 cases and 65 controls. Data collection through interviews using questionnaires as well as water quality meters and refractometers for chemical environment measurements. Data analysis using the Chi-Square test found a relationship between the existence of sago gathering places(p-value=0.041), the condition of the walls of the house(p-value=0.018) and the condition of the ceiling of the house(p-value=0.018) with the incidence of malaria and supported by the pH of the breeding place between 4,1-8,5 and salinity 0-150/00. Therefore, there is a need for environmental control efforts to reduce the number of malaria pain in the working area of the Sowek Health Center.


Keywords: physical environment; chemical environment; malaria

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"HEALTH NOTIONS" ISSN: 2580-4936 (online version only), published by Humanistic Network for Science and Technology    

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