Rahayu Sumaningsih


The elderly are an elderly group who are prone to depression, due to their lack of ability to adapt to changes in themselves due to physical, mental and social setbacks. This study explains the effect of a combination of natural and murotal music on preventing depression in the elderly. The study used a quasi-experimental design with a pretest-posttest design with the intervention and control groups, the intervention group was given a combination of natural and murotal music therapy for 30 minutes and lasted for 3 consecutive days the instrument used the Geriantri Depression Scale (GDS), Finding the mean before and after after intervention then compared with control with t test statistic. The most age characters based on age 60 to 69 years (52.5 %), the results of the Intervention group's Depression Level of Mean Pre and Post there was a decrease of 13.4. value v (value) p = 0.000 <0.05. While the control group there is a decrease in the value of v (value) p = 0.002 <0.05. At the level of depression based on stage at pre normal 0, mild depression 5, moderate depression 12, major depression 3. Post intervention became normal 4, mild depression 13, moderate depression 2 and severe depression 1. While the control group was normal 0, mild depression 2, moderate depression 15, major depression 3 to normal 1, mild depression 8, moderate depression 9 and severe depression 2. Classical and Murotal music combinations were more effective in reducing depression levels in the elderly pre-intervention compared to post-intervention. In the control group there was a decrease in depression levels, although it was not significant . There was a two-level lower reduction in depression rates in the intervention group compared to the control group.



Keywords: Natural music, Murotal, Old Age


old age depression


Sumaningsih, R., & Joko, B (2014). Pengaruh Relaksasi Musik dan Hypnobrithing terhadap Rasa Nyeri dan Lama Kala I Persalinan Normal.

Sumaningsih, R., & Joko, B (2016). Relaxation Music Reduce Pain Intensity and Duration First Stage of labor.

Sumaningsih, R., & Joko, B (2017). Perbedaan Respon Nyeri dan Lama Kala I Bersalin dengan Pemberian Musik Klasik, Mozart dan Instrumen Modern Kitaro.

Pratama, R., & Warih, A (2019). Terapi Musik dalam Menurunkan Tingkat Depresi pada Lansia.

Supriyadi, M., & Evan, O (2020). Pengaruh Terapi Musik Mozart terhadap Perubahan Tingkat Depresi pada Pasien Lansia di Instalasi Psikogeriatri RSJ DR Radjiman Wediodiningrat Lawang.

Widyastuti, T (2019). Terapi Musik terhadap Depresi pada Lansia.

Pambudi, H., Christina, C., & Hesti, A (2020). Pengaruh Terapi Musik Suara Air Mengalir dengan Brainwave terhadap Penurunan Tingkat Depresi pada Lansia di Rumah Pelayanan Sosial Lanjut Usia Wening Wardoyo Ungaran.

Wulandini, D., & Dwi, R (2022). Penerapan Terapi Murottal terhadap Tekanan Darah Lansia dengan Hipertensi.

Nazmi, A., Khosiyah., & Muhammad A (2021). Pengaruh Terapi Murrotal Al-Qur’an terhadap Tingkat Depresi pada Lansia Di Upt Pelayanan Sosial Tresna Werdha Banyuwangi Tahun 2021.

Annisa, M., Amelia, R., & Dewi, N (2019). Gambaran Tingkat Depresi pada Lansia di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Guguak Kabupaten 50 Kota Payakumbuh.

Sinaga, M (2020). Efektivitas Intervensi Depresi pada Lansia.

Novayanti, P., Mateus, S., & Rita, H (2020). Tingkat Depresi Lansia yang Tinggal di Panti Sosial.

Parasari, G., & Made, D (2015). Hubungan Dukungan Sosial Keluarga dengan Tingkat depresi pada Lansia di Kelurahan Sading.

Hartutik, S., & Anjar, N (2021). Gambaran Tingkat Depresi pada Lansia di Masa Pandemic COVID-19.

Sisi, N., & Ramdhany, I (2020). Hubungan Usia dan Jenis Kelamin dengan Tingkat Depresi pada Lansia di Posyandu Lansia Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Wonorejo Samarinda


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Rahayu Sumaningsih

"HEALTH NOTIONS" ISSN: 2580-4936 (online version only), published by Humanistic Network for Science and Technology    

Cemara street 25, 001/002, Dare, Ds./Kec. Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia, 63453